Basic Science Class 6 Bharati Bhawan Solution Chapter 8: Habitat and Adaptation

Get latest Basic Science Class 6 Bharati Bhawan Solution Chapter 8 : Habitat and Adaptation. These solutions prepared by subject experts. Clear all your concepts.

Basic Science 2023-24 Solutions For Class 6 Basic Science Chapter 8 Habitat and Adaptation are provided here with simple step-by-step explanations. These Basic Science For Class 6 Bharati Bhawan Science are extremely popular among class 6 students for Science Habitat and Adaptation Solutions come in handy for quickly completing your homework and preparing for exams. If You want to check all Bharati Bhawan Basic Science For Class 6 Solutions Links for all solutions are provided at last. All questions and answers from the Bharti Bhawan Basic Science 2023-24 Book of Class 6 Science Chapter 8 Question Answer are provided here for you for free. All Basic Science 2023-24 solutions for std 6 basic science Chapter 8 are prepared by experts and are 100% accurate.

Class 6 Bharati Bhawan Solution Chapter 8 – Part A

1. What is a habitat? Give one example of a freshwater habitat.

Ans. The natural home of an organism, or a whole group of organisms, is called its habitat. A river is an example of a freshwater habitat.

2. What factors constitute the abiotic component of a habitat?

Ans. Nonliving things like air, water, soil, light, and temperature are part of the abiotic components of a habitat.

3.How do whales breathe?

Ans. Whales need to breathe just like us. They come up to the water’s surface to take in air. They can hold their breath for a long time.

4. Name two scavengers.

Ans. Vultures and crows are examples of scavengers, which are animals that feed on dead animals or decaying matter.

5. What are primary consumers?

Ans. Herbivores are known as primary consumers because they directly eat plants as their food source.

6. Why do plants submerged in water have long,thin leaves?

Ans. Submerged plants have long, thin leaves that can make use of the limited light that reaches them. These leaves are also designed to offer minimal resistance to the flow of water.

7. What are edaphic factors?

Ans. The characteristics of the soil are referred to as edaphic factors.

8. What is aestivation?

Ans. Some animals spend the entire summer in a state of sleep, which is called aestivation.

9. Mention two ways in which animals cope with low temperature.

Ans. Whales, seals, and penguins can survive in extremely cold regions because they have a thick layer of fat under their skin. Animals like the polar bear, yak, and mink also have very thick fur to protect them from the cold.

10. Name two groups of decomposers.

Ans. Bacteria and fungi are two examples of decomposers, which are organisms that break down dead plants and animals into simpler substances.

Class 6 Bharati Bhawan Solution Chapter 8 – Part B

1. What are the special adaptations that help fish survive in water?

1. Fish have gills that help them extract oxygen from water for respiration. They take in water through their mouths, and as it flows over their gills, they absorb the oxygen dissolved in the water. The scales on their bodies and their streamlined shape with a tapered head help them swim efficiently through water.

2. What is a food chain? Give an example.

Ans: A food chain is a series of organisms connected through the process of eating and being eaten. For example, grasshoppers eat plants, and then frogs eat grasshoppers, and snakes eat frogs.

3. What is camouflage? Give one example.

Ans:Organisms have special adaptations to protect themselves from being eaten. Insects use camouflage, blending with their surroundings to avoid detection by predators.

4. Mention some adaptations that help carnivores get their food.

Ans: Carnivores have large, curved, pointed canines to grip their prey and tear flesh. Their eyes are positioned in front of their heads, giving them better depth perception. They also have a strong sense of smell.

5. What are xerophytes? How do they deal with shortage of water?

Ans: Plants like cacti have adaptations to cope with intense heat, strong sunlight, and limited water in their habitats. These plants are called xerophytes. Cacti store water in their green, spongy stems, which act as leaves. They have spines instead of leaves to minimize water loss. Some trees like Acacia have segmented leaves for the same reason, and they also have long roots that reach deep into the soil.

6. Mention two adaptations that help floating plants live in water.

Ans: Floating plants have air-filled spaces in their stems and leaves, making them lightweight. Their leaves are coated with a waxy substance to prevent decay despite being in contact with water.

Class 6 Bharati Bhawan Solution Chapter 8 – Part C

1. How are conifers adapted to live in their habitat?

Ans: Coniferous trees like pines and firs thrive in regions with milder cold conditions. Their shape prevents snow from accumulating on them, allowing it to slide off. They also have needle-shaped leaves to minimize water loss through transpiration, helping them survive when the ground is frozen in winter.

2. How are camels adapted to cope with life in the desert?

Ans. Camels have special adaptations to cope with the heat and scarcity of water in deserts. Their long legs keep them above the hot sand. Their humps store fat to provide energy during food scarcity. They excrete minimal urine to reduce water loss. They can also regulate their body temperature to tolerate the high temperatures and can drink large amounts of water at once.

3. Distinguish between adaptation and response by giving suitable examples.

Ans. Adaptations are structural or functional adjustments in an organism that help it survive in its habitat. They develop over long periods, sometimes hundreds of years. Responses, on the other hand, are behaviors exhibited by organisms to cope with changes in their surroundings. Camels are adapted to live in extremely hot conditions, while we respond to increased temperatures by sweating.

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